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ARTH (Meanings)



Question 46 – How does one eradicate distress?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:

ਸਿਰੀਰਾਗ ਸਿਉ ਪਾਂਚਉ ਥਾਪੀ ॥੧॥

Sireeraag Sio Paanchou Thaapee

Sireeraag = Siree = the greatest, Raag = love, Paanchou = five things that cause distress, Thaapee = prevent

Those who have complete love with God who is greater then all, are able to prevent the five causes of distress affecting the individual’s concentration.


The five causes of distress (five Kalesha) are:

a)   Avidiya – ignorance to the illumination of the soul.

b)   Asamita – being unable to control the concentration also known as egoism.

c)   Raag – attachment.

d)   Dvaikh – enmity.

e)   Abhinivesh – to cling onto life and fear death.


ਕਲੀ ਕਾਲ ਕੇ ਮਿਟੇ ਕਲੇਸਾ ॥

ਏਕੋ ਨਾਮੁ ਮਨ ਮਹਿ ਪਰਵੇਸਾ ॥੧॥

Within the age of Kaljug all of the causes of distress have been eradicated. These will be eradicated if a person has the name of God forever in their mind.1.

(Soohee  Mahalla  5 – Page  744 of the Sri Guru Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 47 – How is God omnipotent?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਸਾਲੂ ਸਾਰਗ ਸਾਗਰਾ ਅਉਰ ਗੋਂਡ ਗੰਭੀਰ 

Saaloo Saarag Saagraa Aour Gond Ganbheer

Saaloo = home, Saarag = Saar = superior, Ag = eclipse, Saagraa  = ocean, Aur = outside, Gond = to eulogise, to comprehend,

Ganbheer = deep

God is the house that is superior and eulogises all else. Looking at the Lord one sees the great deity as the deepest ocean when eulogising and expounding the virtues of the Lord. The Lord is like a house and provides shelter. God is superior and the knower of all. He is endless like an ocean. God can be found in nature and is omnipresent in all creation.


ਉਦਕ ਸਮੁੰਦ ਸਲਲ ਕੀ ਸਾਖਿਆ ਨਦੀ ਤਰੰਗ ਸਮਾਵਹਿਗੇ ॥

ਸੁੰਨਹਿ ਸੁੰਨੁ ਮਿਲਿਆ ਸਮਦਰਸੀ ਪਵਨ ਰੂਪ ਹੋਇ ਜਾਵਹਿਗੇ ॥੧॥

The ocean is the Lord and the pond, rivers, waves are all the individuals. When the ignorance is removed one realises the individuals are the same as the Lord proving tha God is omnipotent. When one realises all the forms are the same then the forms all become part of the Lord.1.

(Maaroo  Bhagat  Kabir  Ji – Page  1103 of the

Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 48 – Who is a brave warrior?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਅਸਟ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਸ੍ਰੀਰਾਗ ਕੇ ਗੁੰਡ ਕੁੰਭ ਹਮੀਰ ॥੧॥

Ast Puttar Sreeraag Ke Gund Kunbh Hameer

Ast = eight, Puttar = pure, Sreeraag = great love, Gund = given, granted, Kunbh = body, Hameer = warrior

The eight limbs of yoga are the beloved of the great Lord. These eight limbs make a person pure. If while in the human birth granted to us one defeats the enemy known as ignorance and becomes a warrior. In the human birth which has been granted one destroys pride and becomes a brave warrior. Such an individual is regarded as a brave warrior.


ਨਾਨਕ ਸੋ ਸੂਰਾ ਵਰੀਆਮੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਵਿਚਹੁ ਦੁਸਟੁ ਅਹੰਕਰਣੁ ਮਾਰਿਆ ॥

ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਸਾਲਾਹਿ ਜਨਮੁ ਸਵਾਰਿਆ ॥

Guru Amardas Ji states that a true warrior is one who destroys the enemy of pride within their heart. The devotee who is orientated towards the spiritual master praises the true name of God and makes his birth worthwhile.

(Sireeraag  Mahalla  3 – Page 86 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


The eight limbs of Yoga are:

1)   Yam – these are the methods of self control. In the yoga school of thought these are ten which are:

           a)   Ahimsa – this is non violence. There are three types of this:

                     i) To consciously not think of bad thoughts.

                    ii) Not to talk abruptly or rudely.

                   iii) Not harm another human being.

           b)  Sach – to never tell a lie and to always speak the truth.

           c)   Chori – to refrain from committing theft. One should not hide their sins.

           d)  Jatt – to refrain from sexual pleasures. There are in total eight methods of restraint for this which are:

                      i) Not to talk about sex.

                     ii) Not to listen to any conversation about sex.

                    iii) Not meeting another person in seclusion.

                    iv) Not to touch another’s limbs.

                     v) Not looking at another with love and affection.

                    vi) Not putting another close to your heart.

                   vii) Not to consciously think of another.

                  viii) Not to copulate.

            e)   Dheeraj – to have tranquillity, to treat both pleasure and pain as the same.

            f)   Khima – to be merciful and forgiving. Not to hold a grudge and not to judge others.

            g)  Daya – to be merciful and by seeing another person in pain one should take pity and offer help.

            h)  Komal Hirda – to have a delicate heart and to give to others good discourses.

            i)    Maryada Bhojan – to only eat food according to their religious code of conduct.

            j)    Ishnaan – bathing the body with water and washing the attachment and enmity from the mind. These are the 10 methods of self control.


2)   Niyam – these are the daily or regular practices. Again according to the Yoga school of thought there are ten. These are ten:

           a)   Tap – to meditate. Again there are three different types of meditation which are the following:

                     i) Tamsee – to remain hungry or to be surrounded by fire whilst meditating.

                    ii) Rajsee –  to do selfless service and refrain from sexual desires.

                   iii) Santkee – to put all of your concentration into the recitation of the name of God.

           b)  Santokh – to be content with the will of God and to see both pain and pleasure in the same light.

           c)   Aastak – to keep faith in the teachings of the spiritual master.

           d)  Daan – to give to charity. Again there are three types which are:

                      i) Tamsee – when one gives whilst angered.

                     ii) Rajsee – to give in order to gain praise.

                    iii) Santkee – to donate in the name of God submitting to the divine will. This is to donate out of humility.

           e)   Pooja – to worship with complete faith in the heart.

           f)   Paath – to recite the prayers given by the spiritual master.

          g)  Binna Danbh – when one serves the spiritual master by making themselves pure.

          h)  Santkee Brit – to be humble and speak sweetly.

           i)    Abol – where one does not speak until they have read their prayers.

           j)    Hom – to feed the poor.

3)   Aasan – this is the sitting posture.

4)   Pranayam   –   system   of   breathing   techniques   and practice.

5)   Pratiahaar  –  by  restraining  the  five  sense  organs  and keeping desires from the mind, one focuses on spiritual reflection.

6)   Dharna – to bring the mind’s thoughts together and to focus upon God.

7)   Dhyan – to keep the focus upon the words of the spiritual master.

8)   Samadh – to sit in complete concentration on the Lord without any thought affecting them.


According  to  Gurmat  the  eight  limbs  are  interpreted differently as explained below:

1)   Yam – to remain humble.

2)   Niyam – to daily or regularly go into the true congregation. To listen to the hymns of God with a focused mind and the reading of prayers.

3)   Ikaant Desh – to see God within all and realising that he is omnipresent. To make the desires subtle and live in spiritual  reflection.

4)   Aasan – to sit whilst focused on the timeless Lord.

5)   Pranayam – there are three types of breathing which are:

           i)  Poorak – to listen to the discourses of the spiritual master  and  internalise  them,  making  the  teaching blossom.

          ii)  Kunbhak – the spiritual objective, when one keeps the teachings within the heart and renounces all while meditating. To keep the name of God within the mind.

         iii)  Rechak – whatever the true spiritual master says to renounce, the individual should do so without feeling hurt.

6)     Dhyan – when hearing or reciting Gurbani one should put completely focus upon this.

7)     Dharna – when the mind gets lost in thoughts one should recite the name of God in order to recollect their thoughts.

8)     Samadhi – when the mind is able to focus on God for a long period of time so that they can eradicate ego and become one with God.

These are the eight limbs of yoga according to Gurmat.


Question 49 – Who sings the praises of the spiritual master?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:

ਖਸਟਮ ਮੇਘ ਰਾਗ ਵੈ ਗਾਵਹਿ ॥

Khastam Megh Raag Vai Gaavhi

Khastam = the six Jatees (Gorakh, Bhisham, Bhairou, Dattatreya, Hanuman and Laxman[6]), Megh = cloud

[6]. Laxman  was married  however  he accompanied  Sri Ram Chandar  during his 14 years in exile without his wife. During this time he remained  a celibate and for this reason is considered one of the six Jatees.


The six Jatees are in love with the spiritual master who is the form of a cloud. They sing his praises constantly. Through the mind, body, the holy word and through the three time periods these six individuals with love for the spiritual master sing His praises. They also constantly

sing the praises of God.

ਗਾਵਹਿ ਜਨਕਾਦਿ ਜੁਗਤਿ ਜੋਗੇਸੁਰ ਹਰਿ ਰਸ ਪੂਰਨ ਸਰਬ ਕਲਾ ॥

ਗਾਵਹਿ ਸਨਕਾਦਿ ਸਾਧ ਸਿਧਾਦਿਕ ਮੁਨਿ ਜਨ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਅਛਲ ਛਲਾ ॥

ਗਾਵੈ ਗੁਣ ਧੋਮੁ ਅਟਲ ਮੰਡਲਵੈ ਭਗਤਿ ਭਾਇ ਰਸੁ ਜਾਣਿਓ ॥

ਕਬਿ ਕਲ ਸੁਜਸੁ ਗਾਵਉ ਗੁਰ ਨਾਨਕ ਰਾਜੁ ਜੋਗੁ ਜਿਨਿ ਮਾਣਿਓ ॥੩॥

Great sages all meet up together such as King Janak and sing the praises of the Lord who is all powerful. The four sons of Brahma and the saints from the Himalayan mountains are all singing the praises of the Lord. Many more saints sing the praises of the Lord who cannot be tricked. The devotees who have sung the praises of the Lord with love such as Bhagat Dhru are still singing his praises. The poet Kal says the form of the Lord is in actual fact Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji and all should sing his praises. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji is the one who accepted the blissful meditation of the Lord. 3.

(Savaiyai Mahalla 1 Ke – Page 1389 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

Question 50 – How does the individual make the mind superior?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਪਾਂਚਉ ਸੰਗਿ ਬਰੰਗਨ ਲਾਵਹਿ ॥

Paanchou Sang Barangan Laavhi

Paanchou = five elements, Sang = with, Barangan = Bar = superior, Angan = within the heart

The mind is made up of the five elements and the virtue of Sato. By mixing with the true congregation one takes the goodness into the heart making them superior. In this way it also goes into the mind.


ਨਿਰਮਲ ਹੰਸਾ ਪ੍ਰੇਮ ਪਿਆਰਿ ॥

ਹਰਿ ਸਰਿ ਵਸੈ ਹਉਮੈ ਮਾਰਿ ॥

Those individuals who have humility in their mind such as the saints have love for God. They have killed off the ego and due to this they reside in the ocean known as the Lord.

(Maajh  Mahalla  3 – Page  128 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 51 – How does one become dispassionate?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਸੋਰਠਿ ਗੋਂਡ ਮਲਾਰੀ ਧੁਨੀ ॥

Sorath Gond Malaaree Dhunee

Sorath = intellect Gond = to meet, Malaaree = the destroyer of sin (Vairaag, dispassion), Dhunee = to say

When good intellect and dispassion meet together then the powers of God are described and recited. One becomes dispassionate in this way.


ਗੁਰ ਕੀ ਬਾਣੀ ਸਹਜ ਬੈਰਾਗੁ ॥੪॥੭॥

From the holy words of the true spiritual master the individual gains knowledge and dispassion.4.7.

(Wadhans  Mahalla  3 – Page  560 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 52 – How do you sing the praises of God through reflecting on the Lord?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਪੁਨਿ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਆਸਾ ਗੁਨ ਗੁਨੀ ॥

Pun Gaavhi Aasaa Gun Gunee

Pun = again and again, Gaavhi = to sing, Gun = by reflecting, Gunee = knowledgeable, Aasaa = hope

Again and again the individual reflects on the Lord as the form of hope and sings the praises of the Lord who has complete knowledge.


ਗਿਆਨੀਆ ਅੰਦਰਿ ਗੁਰ ਸਬਦੁ ਹੈ ਨਿਤ ਹਰਿ ਲਿਵ ਸਦਾ ਵਿਗਾਸੁ ॥

Within the heart of the intellectuals is the spiritual discourse of the spiritual master. These individuals have a focused attention on the Lord and due to forever remain bloomed like a blossoming flower.

(Salok Vaaraa Te Vadeek – Page 1415 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

Question 53 – Do the demi gods also sing the praises of the Lord?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਊਚੈ ਸੁਰਿ ਸੂਹਉ ਪੁਨਿ ਕੀਨੀ ॥

Oochai Sur Soohou Pun Keenee

Oochai = highest, Sur = demi gods, Soohou = praise, Pun = again and again, repeatedly

The demi gods also sing the praises of the highest and greatest Lord repeatedly.


ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾਦਿਕ ਸਿਵ ਛੰਦ ਮੁਨੀਸੁਰ ਰਸਕਿ ਰਸਕਿ ਠਾਕੁਰ ਗੁਨ ਗਾਵਤ ॥

The demi gods such as Brahma, Vishnu Shiva, etc and the all of the great

Muni’s come together and sing the praises of the Lord.

(Sawaiyai  Sri Mukhbaak  Mahalla  5, Page 1388 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 54 – How have the Sikhs understood God?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਮੇਘ ਰਾਗ ਸਿਉ ਪਾਂਚਉ ਚੀਨੀ ॥੧॥

Megh Raag Sio Panchou Cheenee

Megh = cloud, Raag = love, Sio = with, Panchou = greatest Lord

The cloud of love who is the spiritual master, by meeting him one learns to understand God who is the greatest of all.


ਮੋਲਿ ਅਮੋਲੁ ਨ ਪਾਇਆ ਜਾਈ ਕਰਿ ਕਿਰਪਾ ਗੁਰੂ ਦਿਵਾਇਆ ਥਾ ॥੧॥ ਰਹਾਉ ॥

From a fixed price to being priceless cannot be determined by the individual but through the spiritual master who can grace the individual they can realise the Lord. Pause.

(Maroo Mahalla 5 – Page 1002 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

Question 55 – How does the individual control the mind?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਬੈਰਾਧਰ ਗਜਧਰ ਕੇਦਾਰਾ ॥

Bairaadhar Gajdhar Kedaaraa

Bairaadhar = Bairaa = holy scriptures, holy words, Dhar = to adopt, Gajdhar = to capture an elephant (mind),, Kedaaraa = Ke = what, Daaraa = fear

When the mind adopts the holy word from the scriptures then the mind, which is similar to an elephant, can be captured. Once the mind is captured by adopting the holy word then there is no fear of death.


ਬਾਣੀ ਰੋਕਿਆ ਰਹੈ ਦੁਆਰ ॥

ਤਉ ਮਨੁ ਮਤਵਾਰੋ ਪੀਵਨਹਾਰ ॥੨॥

One should use the holy word to prevent the mind and organs from refraining from sinful acts and thoughts.

(Gauree  Kee Vaar  Bhagat  Kabir  Ji – Page  344 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 56 – How do the soul and God become one? How do the disciple and the spiritual master become one?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਜਬਲੀਧਰ ਨਟ ਅਉ ਜਲਧਾਰਾ ॥

Jableedhar Nat Aou Jaldhaaraa

Jableedhar = Jab = when, Lee = to destroy, Dhar = to adopt, Nat = God, Aou = then, Jaldhaaraa = cloud (spiritual master)

The rain bird collects the rain showered by the rain cloud. The Sikh metaphorically is the rain bird collecting the teachings showered by the spiritual master who is the metaphorical cloud. When concentration is able to destroy the ego, the spiritual master who is the form of God, helps the disciple become one and the same with the spiritual teachings.


ਏਕਲ ਚਿੰਤਾ ਰਾਖੁ ਅਨੰਤਾ ਅਉਰ ਤਜਹੁ ਸਭ ਆਸਾ ਰੇ ॥

ਪ੍ਰਣਵੈ ਨਾਮਾ ਭਏ ਨਿਹਕਾਮਾ ਕੋ ਠਾਕੁਰੁ ਕੋ ਦਾਸਾ ਰੇ ॥੨॥੩॥

O brother, you should meditate on the Lord and keep him in your consciousness as he has infinite virtues. Bhagat Namdev Ji states that through the meditation of the Lord I have no wishes left. Due to the divine knowledge I have destroyed duality and see nothing but God.2.3.

(Malee Guaraa Bhagat Namdev Ji – Page 988 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)

Question 57 – Who do the demi gods such as Shiva and Vishnu sing praises of?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਪੁਨਿ ਗਾਵਹਿ ਸੰਕਰ ਅਉ ਸਿਆਮਾ ॥

Pun Gaavhi Sankar Aou Siyaamaa

Pun = again and again, Gaavhi = sing, Sankar = Shiva, liberator, Aou = and, Siyaamaa = Krishna

Again and again the demi Gods such as Shiva and Vishnu sing the praises of God who is the form of supreme truth, consciousness and bliss. Krishna and Ram Chandar sing the praises of the beautiful liberating Lord.


ਬ੍ਰਹਮਾ ਬਿਸਨੁ ਰਿਖੀ ਮੁਨੀ ਸੰਕਰੁ ਇੰਦੁ ਤਪੈ ਭੇਖਾਰੀ ॥

ਮਾਨੈ ਹੁਕਮੁ ਸੋਹੈ ਦਰਿ ਸਾਚੈ ਆਕੀ ਮਰਹਿ ਅਫਾਰੀ ॥

Brahma, Vishnu, the Rishis, the Muni’s, Shiva are singing the praises of the Lord and have become beggars at his door. Those people who accept the will of God will gain honour and glory. Those who are not rigid and do not sing the praises of the Lord die in pain.

(Maroo  Mahalla  1 – Page  992 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


Question 58 – How many people did Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji make pure and liberate?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਮੇਘ ਰਾਗ ਪੁਤ੍ਰਨ ਕੇ ਨਾਮਾ ॥੧॥

Megh Raag Puttran Ke Naamaa

Megh = Cloud (Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji), Raag = love, Puttran = pure

Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji manifested into a form similar to that of a cloud. In this form he liberated and made countless numbers of people pure by enabling them to become engrossed in the love for God. Guru Nanak Dev Ji was also in love with the name of God such as ‘Satnam’ and ‘Waheguru’.


ਖੰਡ ਬ੍ਰਹਮੰਡ ਬੇਅੰਤ ਉਧਾਰਣਹਾਰਿਆ ॥

ਤੇਰੀ ਸੋਭਾ ਤੁਧੁ ਸਚੇ ਮੇਰੇ ਪਿਆਰਿਆ ॥੧੨॥

O Lord of infinite forms, you have saved the solar systems and galaxies.

You are the one who cares for all. You are the one who creates your own praise and honour.12.

(Raamkalee Mahalla 5 – Page 963 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)


Question 59 – Can you name some of those individuals who sing the names of God?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਖਸਟ ਰਾਗ ਉਨਿ ਗਾਏ ਸੰਗਿ ਰਾਗਨੀ ਤੀਸ ॥

Khast Raag Unn Gai Sang Raagnee Tees

Khast = six (the five abstract elements and the consciousness), Raag = love, Unn = the Lord, Gai = sing, Sang = with, Tees = thirty (27 Simratees and 3 domains)

The five abstract elements and the consciousness sing the praises of God with love. Also the twenty seven Simratees and the three domains sing of the praises of God with love.


ਖਟੁ ਭੀ ਏਕਾ ਬਾਤ ਵਖਾਨਹਿ ॥

The six Shastars only speak of the one Lord.

(Raamkalee Mahalla 5 – Page 885 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)


ਰਾਗ ਰਤਨ ਪਰਵਾਰ ਪਰੀਆ ਸਬਦ ਗਾਵਣ ਆਈਆ ॥

The musical melodies are like jewels that have come with their complete families into the presence of the spiritual master and sing the praises of God.

(Raamkalee Mahalla 3 Anand Sahib – Page 917 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)


ਸਿਮਰੈ ਧਰਤੀ ਅਰੁ ਆਕਾਸਾ ॥

ਸਿਮਰਹਿ ਚੰਦ ਸੂਰਜ ਗੁਣਤਾਸਾ ॥

ਪਉਣ ਪਾਣੀ ਬੈਸੰਤਰ ਸਿਮਰਹਿ ਸਿਮਰੈ ਸਗਲ ਉਪਾਰਜਨਾ ॥੧॥

O Lord the earth and skies meditate on your name. O Lord the true virtues, the sun and the moon meditate on your name. The wind, water and fire all meditate on your name.1. The continents, the seas and all the people of the world are meditating on your name.

(Maroo Solhe Mahalla 5 – Page 1078 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)


The  twenty seven  Simrates  are  the  following:

Manoo, Yagvalakya, Laghuatree, Atree, Vridh Atree, Vishnu, Laghhareet, Vridhhareet, Aushnas, Aagirdh, Yam, Aap Satamb, Sanvarat, Katyayan, Brihaspat, Parasur, Vrihat, Parasuri, Biyas, Laghuvasak, Shankh, Likhat, Dakh, Gautam, Vivad Gautam, Santatap, Vashisht and Palsat.

There are four other scriptures which are considered as Simratees which are the following:

Budh, Kashap, Narad and Aushnas Simratee.

The three domains are the following: 

the Heavens, Earth and the underworlds.


Question 60 – When all of the desires are eradicated, how does a person gain peace?

Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji replied:


ਸਭੈ ਪੁਤ੍ਰ ਰਾਗੰਨ ਕੇ ਅਠਾਰਹ ਦਸ ਬੀਸ ॥੧॥੧॥

Sabhai Puttar Raagan Ke Atharah Das Bees

Sabhai = all, saints Puttar = pure, Raagan = love, Atharah = eighteen (18) Purans, Das = ten (10) manifestations (6 Shastars and 4 Vedas), Bees = to have faith

Due to the saints having such faith in the Lord they have become pure. Due to the love of God they have bypassed the eighteen Purans, the six Shastars, the four Vedas and have complete faith in the Lord. Those people who have sung his praises with love are able to propagate the Lord. Due to the fear of God they love the Lord and become pure. Due to the distinctive Lord they find peace and tranquillity. By having faith of the Lord within the heart one gains the knowledge of God.

ਬੀਸ ਬਿਸਵੇ ਗੁਰ ਕਾ ਮਨੁ ਮਾਨੈ ॥

They have complete faith within their mind on the spiritual name of God given to the devotee by the spiritual master.

(Gauree  Sukhmani  Mahalla  5 – Page 287 of the Sri Guru  Granth  Sahib  Ji)


ਬੀਸ ਸਪਤਾਹਰੋ ਬਾਸਰੋ ਸੰਗ੍ਰਹੈ ਤੀਨਿ ਖੋੜਾ ਨਿਤ ਕਾਲੁ ਸਾਰੈ ॥

ਦਸ ਅਠਾਰ ਮੈ ਅਪਰੰਪਰੋ ਚੀਨੈ ਕਹੈ ਨਾਨਕੁ ਇਵ ਏਕੁ ਤਾਰੈ ॥੩॥੨੬॥

Collect the Simratees which are twenty seven in number as they sing the praises of the Lord. The six Shastars, the four Vedas along with the eighteen Purans one should realise the Lord who also is complete. Sri Guru Nanak Dev Ji state that is somebody has faith in all of these then they will gain peace and be saved.

(Sree Raag Mahalla 1 – Page 23 of the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji)


The eighteen Purans are the following: 

Matas, Markanday, Bhavikhat, Bhagvat, Brahm, Brahmand, Brahm Varat, Vaman, Vayoo, Vrah, Agni, Narad, Padam, Ling, Gurur, Kooram and Sakand.


The six Shastars are the following:

Vedant, Nyai, Yog, Mimansa, Visheshak and Sankh.

The four Vedas are the following:

Rig, Yujar, Atharv and Sham.

This is the end of the section on the intricate and spiritual meanings of the Sri Raagmala.




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